5 Positive Views on Estrogen and Progesterone Therapy

April 17, 2024
Estrogen and Progesterone: Smiling mature woman in pink sitting casually with her hand on her cheek, symbolizing well-being during menopause.

Estrogen and Progesterone A Deep Dive into Hormone Replacement Therapy


Hot flushes, Night sweats, Sleep Problems, mood swings, anxiety, and vaginal dryness are all symptoms of menopause that affect women worldwide.

Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is now considered the revolutionary solution for hormonal disturbance during menopause!

It successfully elevates estrogen and progesterone levels that decline during menopause.


Understanding Estrogen and Progesterone Therapy

Ovaries produce Estrogen and progesterone to regulate the development and function of the uterus.

These hormones are responsible for the reproductive health of the female.
E.g., reaching puberty, menstrual regulation, and pregnancy.

Also, they are indirectly responsible for supporting bone health.

When some women are nearly 50 years old, estrogen and progesterone levels decrease drastically due to the decline in the ovaries’ functions.

This decline causes symptoms like hot flushes, mood swings, and vaginal dryness that affect women’s quality of life.

Menopause may also be an indirect reason for osteoporosis and cardiovascular diseases.


Types of Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)

Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) can be classified into:

  • Estrogen Therapy: A low dose of estrogen is used to relieve menopausal symptoms. it has many forms like pills, patches, creams, vaginal rings, gel, or sprays.
  • Combination Therapy: It combines Estrogen and Progesterone or Progestin Therapy EPT (progestin is the synthetic form of progesterone). Progesterone is used with Estrogen to decrease the risk of developing endometrial cancer for Women with an intact uterus.


Benefits of Estrogen and Progesterone Therapy

Hormone Replacement Therapy is beneficial in Relieving menopausal symptoms such as:

  • Hot flushes (sudden heat sensation in the face, neck, and chest)
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Recurrent Urinary tract infection
  • Anxiety
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Palpitation
  • Headache & Migraine
  • Change in the body shape.


Additional health benefits:

  • Osteoporosis prevention
  • Mood improvement
  • Reduced risk of Diabetes and certain Cancers.


Risks and Considerations

There are potential side effects and risks associated with hormone replacement therapy that you should be aware of;

Minor side Effects:

  • Headache
  • Breast pain
  • Muscle pain
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Skin Rash
  • Vaginal spotting


Serious Risks:

  • Deep Vein Thrombosis (presents as pain, redness, and swelling in the legs)
  • Breast Cancer (may present as a lump)
  • Uterine Cancer (may present as continuous vaginal bleeding)
  • Stroke

It is important to consult your doctor before initiating hormone replacement therapy to get your personalized treatment plan that suits your health condition and family history.


Alternatives and Complementary Therapies

Non-hormonal options for managing menopause symptoms.

Hot flushes may be managed by using low-dose antidepressants, Gabapentin or Oxybutynin while Anxiety and sleep disturbance may be managed by Stress management, relaxation, deep breathing, and yoga.


Final Thoughts

It’s important to consult your doctor about Hormone replacement therapy uses and contraindications before starting your treatment to have the best results.

Welltopia offers various consultation services that will support your health!



Categories: Compounding